Raiders of the Hidden Ark
The most complete account of the Parker expedition and those who went on it
In 1911 newspapers in the UK (and around the world) reported on an explosive story following riots and disorder in Jerusalem:
- ‘Lost Treasures of Israel. Exploring the City of David. Cypher Mystery’ – Daily Express 9th May 1911
- ‘A Treasure Hunt in Jerusalem. British Explorers’ Alleged Sacrilege’ – The Guardian 4th May 1911
- ‘Desecration of the Dome of the Rock Alleged: The violation of which the English archaeologists deny’ – Illustrated London News 13th May 1911
The Parker expedition had caused these headlines in their search for the Ark of the Covenant. The full story of the expedition which is told in full for the first time in English includes a deadly curse, bribery, betrayal, gun-running, riots, madness, bankruptcy and more. It sounds unbelievable; Downton Abbey meets Indiana Jones meets Dan Brown. But the Parker expedition is real. Rudyard Kipling on hearing an account from a participant wrote: ‘Talk of fiction! Fiction isn’t in it’.
Andrew Lawler, author of Under Jerusalem: The Buried History of the World’s Most Contested City said ‘The Parker expedition ranks as the weirdest of all archaeological excavations, yet the details of what took place in Jerusalem in the early 1900s have remained mysterious. Thanks to Graham Addison’s meticulous sleuthing, we now have a much clearer-and even more fascinating-glimpse into an expedition that rocked the world.”
The expedition started in 1908, when a Finnish scholar convinced a group of young Eton-educated men from wealthy and titled families he had uncovered secret cyphers in the Bible showing where the Ark was hidden. They came from all corners of the British Isles (Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England), had fought in elite units of the British military and socialised with European royalty and rich Americans. One had thwarted an assassination attempt on Queen Victoria. Another had taken part in the infamous Jameson Raid which helped trigger the Boer War. Most of the funding came from the family of one of the richest men to have ever lived in Australia. They headed for Jerusalem on a private yacht to dig for the Ark. With them were a Swiss psychic, a Finnish socialist poet, and a Swedish captain who had experienced the darkest heart of colonial madness in the Belgian Congo.
The Parker expedition unwittingly ‘scattered sparks in the religious tinder-heap’ that is Jerusalem. Its impact still has echoes today.
During the spring of 1911 there were articles about this strange English-led expedition. The story was covered in The New York Times, the Washington Post, Vossische Zeitung, the Sydney Morning Herald among many others. On 4th May 1911, the paper carried a report headlined ‘Fears Diggers Took Ark of Covenant’. The New York Times ran a double-page spread headlined ‘Have Englishmen Found the Ark of the Covenant?’ and a sub-heading of:
‘A Mysterious Expedition, Apparently Not Composed of Archaeologists, Hunts Strange Treasure Under the Mosque of Omar, Sets the Moslems in a Ferment, and May Cause Diplomatic Incident’
The mystery surrounding the Ark of the Covenant’s location is one of the world’s greatest and most enduring. One of the Bible’s most sacred and powerful objects has not been seen for over 2,500 years. The missing Ark has inspired many quests and even a famous film.
Raiders of the Hidden Ark tells how the Parker expedition believed that they had solved the puzzle of where the Ark was hidden. The secret cyphers which the expedition was based on said it was hidden in tunnels just outside Jerusalem.
The cyphers also said that the Ark was protected in many ways to stop individuals accessing it. The Ark was protected by deadly radioactive radium and boobytraps. It was also protected by a deadly curse. This was not a curse like Tutenkhamen’s which was invented by a newspaper after the event. The Finnish biblical scholar Juvelius informed the expedition members that any person who attempted to disclose the secret chamber containing the Ark would be cursed ‘sixty and six fold’. Raiders of the Hidden Ark reveals for the first time the fate of those who went on the expedition.
It was often not a happy one. Within a few years, one was mad, three were dead, two were bankrupt, one divorced and another deported.